British Chemist Sir William Henry Perkin Honoured With Doodle On Birth Anniversary

British Chemist Sir William Henry Perkin Honoured With Doodle On Birth Anniversary

The search engine and tech giant Google has honoured the British chemist Sir William Henry Perkin with a colourful sketch doodle on his 180th birthday. The Doodle celebrates the 180th birthday of Perkins, who was knighted in 1906 because of his marvellous discovery.

Hence the people wearing purple in the Google Doodle, a color too expensive for most people to wear, he made accessible to nearly all.

Perkin's first assignment, given to him by his superiors at the university, was to help discover how to synthesise quinine to combat malaria.

"As an 18-year-old laboratory assistant, Perkin was cleaning out dark muck from a beaker after a failed experiment, when he noticed that the substance left a vivid purple stain when diluted with alcohol", writes Google on the Google Doodle blog.

Perkin discovered the aniline purple dye under the guidance of German chemist August Von Hofmann, while studying at the Royal College of Chemistry in London. He named it "mauveine" and focused on patenting, manufacturing and commercializing it as an exclusive clothing dye. "Purple clothing was very much in style, but prohibitively expensive for most, not to mention quick to fade".

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Perkins' discovery of strong and cheap purple dye sparked a violet fashion frenzy - as illustrated in today's Google Doodle created by the artist Sonny Ross.

After decades dedicated to manufacturing and working on dyes, Perkin went back to research after he sold his factory in 1874.

Born on 12 March 1838, William Henry Perkin's discovery of "mauveine", the first synthetic dye, was found at the time when the textile industry was at a high.

The rich purple colour Mr Perkin had stumbled across was adopted by no less than Queen Victoria herself.

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