What is monkeypox? Second person diagnosed with deadly virus

"Since the re-emergence of Monkeypox in Nigeria in September 2017, NCDC has continued to receive reports and respond to cases of the disease from states across the country".

He has travelled to Nigeria recently from where he could have contracted the infection says the Public Health England.

The patient traveled from Nigeria to London on September 2, and anyone who hasn't been contacted yet doesn't need to take further action, the BBC reported. "Dr Nick Phin, deputy director of the National Infection Service, said it was "very unusual" to see two cases in this short a period of time".

The first case of the disease was recorded on Friday in a Nigerian national staying at a naval base in Cornwall.

It is contacting individuals who have been in close contact with the infected patients as a precautionary measure.

Clinical director of the hospital's tropical and infectious diseases unit, Dr Mike Beadsworth, said there was "currently no risk to other staff, patients or visitors".

"We are working hard to contact individuals, including healthcare workers, that might have come into contact with the individual to provide information and health advice".

The second patient initially presented to the Blackpool Victoria Hospital and was transferred to the Royal Liverpool University Hospital after testing positive at the beginning of this week.

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There have however been more major outbreaks, with the most recent just over a year ago in The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The public health institute adds that in Africa, where cases often go untreated, the disease "has been shown to cause death in as many as one in ten persons" who contract it.

Although monkeypox and smallpox have similar symptoms, monkeypox is less deadly than smallpox: In previous outbreaks, the fatality rate for monkeypox has been between 1 percent and 10 percent, World Health Organization said.

It is transmitted through direct contact with infected animals or humans or contaminated materials.

For most persons who have been exposed to monkeypox, the risks are greater than the risks from the smallpox vaccine.

Monkeypox, which is related to chickenpox and smallpox, was first found in 1958 among laboratory monkeys. Public Health England did not disclose the patient's age or gender, or whether he or she is a member of the military, according to The Guardian.

Symptoms usually appear within five and 21 days of infection.

But experts emphasized that, despite its relation to the notoriously deadly smallpox, monkeypox is actually a very mild illness, and it doesn't spread easily between people. This rash can form blisters, which crust over, before the scab peels off.

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