The Surprising Illnesses the HPV Vaccine Can Protect Against (Beyond HPV)

The Surprising Illnesses the HPV Vaccine Can Protect Against (Beyond HPV)

Late last week the FDA approved making Gardasil 9, the vaccine to protect against human papillomavirus, available to women and men up to age 45. It found Gardasil was 88% effective in preventing persistent infection, genital warts, vulvar and vaginal precancerous lesions, cervical precancerous lesions, and cervical cancer related to HPV types covered by the vaccine.

"Today's approval represents an important opportunity to help prevent HPV-related diseases and cancers in a broader age range", Dr. Peter Marks, director of the FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, said in a statement. "The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] has stated that HPV vaccination prior to becoming infected with the HPV types covered by the vaccine has the potential to prevent more than 90 percent of these cancers, or 31,200 cases every year, from ever developing".

Gardasil 9 (HPV 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant), a vaccine for the prevention of HPV, has been approved by the FDA for use in males and females aged 9 through 45 years. Gardasil 9, which is the version offered in the US, protects people from nine strains of HPV, seven of which can cause cancer in the cervix, vagina, anus, penis and throat, and two of which can cause genital warts.

The U.S. Food and Drug Authority has adjusted the age range of women and men who can get the HPV vaccine Gardasil.

View the original story on KCCI's website. The FDA also reviewed immunogenicity data from a study in which a 3-dose regimen of Gardasil over 6 months was assessed in 160 men aged 27 to 45 years.

The HPV vaccine is trying to change that. And while the HPV vaccine will not cause any harm, D'Souza said, medical organizations won't make any official recommendations until they have ample data showing the benefits of the vaccine for the entire age group.

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No screening is recommended for women who have had a hysterectomy (uterus removed) and do not have a cervix. Even if those individuals have previously been infected with one strain, a vaccine could prevent against the other eight. If a person has already been exposed to a certain strain of HPV, then the vaccine will not protect them against that strain.

According to the American College of Gynecology and Obstetrics, women still should receive routine exams every three years if younger than 30.

Merck said the list price for Gardasil 9 is $205 per dose.

The effectiveness of Gardasil is relevant to Gardasil 9 since the vaccines are manufactured similarly and cover four of the same HPV types.

Most HPV infections, including potentially cancer-causing varieties, go away on their own, the National Cancer Institute says. According to a report from the The New York Times, the FDA is now looking into making a recommendation for the use of the vaccine in older people for scenarios like these.

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