2018 fourth hottest year on record NASA

2018 fourth hottest year on record NASA

The last five years, starting in 2014, are the warmest that have been recorded since scientists started keeping track of the global surface temperature in 1880.

A neighborhood destroyed by the Camp Fire is seen in Paradise, California, U.S., November 17, 2018. The damage included Hurricane Michael's United States dollars 25 billion tally and USD 24 billion each from Hurricane Florence and the western wildfires. "Greenhouse gas emission reduction and climate adaptation measures should be a top global priority", said Taalas.

Global temperatures now stand 1 degree Celsius, or 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit, above the average temperature of the late 19th century.

"The long-term temperature trend is far more important than the ranking of individual years, and that trend is an upward one", said Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

"According to our calculations, the Gulf of Mexico region had it's third warmest year on-record this year", said Deke Arndt, chief of the monitoring section of NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information.

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"The impacts of long-term global warming are already being felt - in coastal flooding, heatwaves, intense precipitation and ecosystem change", NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Director Gavin Schmidt detailed in the agency's release. NASA and NOAA analyzed the same data independently and came to the same conclusion.

Previous year also saw the melting of what is believed to be some of the oldest ice in the Arctic, north of Greenland - which scientists believed would be the "last bastion" to be melted by climate change. Everywhere in the world, the warmer temperature means extreme weather events, including stronger and more frequent hurricanes.

"There is a lot of variability in a system, but when you get a five-year average saying the same thing, you are beyond the variability component, and you can feel much more confident that what you're looking at is a signal", Abdalati said. The United Nations defines the 1.5C Paris temperature target as a 30-year average, not a freak blip in a single year. Scientists have linked climate change to more destructive hurricanes like Michael and Florence a year ago, and have found links to such phenomena as the polar vortex, which last week delivered bone-chilling blasts to the U.S. Midwest and Northeast.

Scientists found that the Arctic has experienced the most warming, contributing to global sea level rise.

US President Donald Trump has taken little action to address global warming. He did not mention climate change in his State of the Union speech on Tuesday.

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