ISRO all set to launch Chandrayaan-2, India`s second lunar mission

ISRO all set to launch Chandrayaan-2, India`s second lunar mission

In its second mission to the moon, India will seek to study the potential for mining a source of waste-free nuclear energy that could be worth trillions of dollars, apart from other scientific experiments, K. Sivan, chairman of ISRO, said in an interview previous year.

"The expected moon landing on September 6", said the space agency in a statement on Wednesday, reported the local media.

The National space agency said, Chandrayaan-2 will have three modules in it, an orbiter, a lander named Vikram and a rover known as Pragyan. However with Israel's Beresheet failing to land on the moon on April 12 this year, Chandrayaan-2's moon-landing on September 6, if successful, will make India the fourth country in the world to land on the moon.

"All the modules are getting ready for the Chandrayaan-2 launch during the window of July 9 to July 16". The Orbiter and Lander will be interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module and accommodated inside the GSLV MK-III launch vehicle, ISRO said.

Once landed, the rover will then take charge and carry out scientific experiments on the Moon's surface itself.

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The space mission will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

The Rover will be housed inside the Lander.

After launching into earth-bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module will reach Moon orbit using Orbiter propulsion module. The orbiter module of Chandrayaan-2 will circle the moon and relay data and information about conditions on the surface, ISRO states on its website. The South Pole is where researchers think water ice on the lunar surface can be directly observed, evidence for which was gathered by spectrometers aboard India's previous moon mission launched in 2008.

The Pragyaan rover will roll out of the Vikram lander carrying an array of scientific instruments meant to study the lunar surface. China's spacecraft was the only one to land on the other side of the Moon that has never seen the face of the Earth, ever. The governments of the U.S., China, India, Japan and Russian Federation are competing with startups and billionaires Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson to launch satellites, robotic landers, astronauts and tourists into the cosmos. "This is a very complex mission and the earlier dates were estimates, but the procedures took longer than expected", said Isro spokesperson Vivek Singh.

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