NASA was sold faulty aluminum in 19-year scam

"That is why we require and pay for certain components to be tested and certified by the supplier", Jim Norman, NASA's director for Launch Services, said in a statement.

During both launches, the payload fairing, which surround satellites during their ascent through Earth's atmosphere, failed to separate on command, preventing both spacecraft from reaching their orbital destinations and leading to their destruction.

"For almost 20 years, Sapa Profiles and Sapa Extrusions falsified critical tests on the aluminum they sold - tests that their customers, including the United States government, depended on to ensure the reliability of the aluminum they purchased", said Assistant Attorney General Brian Benczkowski of the Department of Justice's Criminal Division. Assistant Attorney General Benczkowski of the Department of Justice's Criminal Division said corporate and personal greed perpetuated this fraud against government and other private customers. Again, the payload failed to properly separate from the rocket, and it was a total loss. (SPI) of OR caused two Taurus XL rockets to fail to reach orbit, according to a NASA news release. Both were launched with the Taurus XL, a four-stage solid-fueled launch vehicle that was manufactured by then Orbital Science Corporation. That frangible joint is a structural separation system that is initiated using ordinance.

NASA's investigation has confirmed that this frangible joint was the problem.

The exclusion from government contracting has been in effect since September 20, 2015.

Norman noted that the fraud had resulted not only in financial loss but in "years of people's scientific work" and said their trust in the industry was "severely violated".

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The cause of the failures left engineers puzzled for nearly two decades but Nasa released its most detailed account of the failures this week, blaming bad parts purchased from an American metals supplier whose staff faked results about the equipment's ability to cope in space.

"It is critical that we are able to trust our industry to produce, test and certify materials in accordance with the standards we require".

Sapa Profiles, which now goes by the name Hydro Extrusion Portland, has agreed to pay out over $46 million for their false claims that resulted in mission failures, which is really just a drop in the bucket when you consider the $700 million price tag for the missions.

Sapa Profiles, now known as Hydro Extrusion Portland, also agreed to plead guilty to one count of mail fraud and is barred from U.S. federal government contracting.

Investigators at NASA's Launch Services Program have determined the root cause for two back-to-back launch failures of a Taurus XL rocket in 2009 and 2011.

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