Obesity significantly increases risk of serious disease, researchers warn

Obesity significantly increases risk of serious disease, researchers warn

The Liverpool researchers found obesity and mental health were closely linked, and gradually increased throughout childhood.

The results were presented at the European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow. Dr. Charlotte Hardman who is a coauthor of the study said that children with increased BMI may encounter weight-related bigotry and low self-esteem which could lead to escalated depressive expressions over time while depression may enhance obesity through escalated emotional eating of high-calorie comfort food, neglected sleep patterns, and slowness.

A new study has shed light on the link between higher body mass index (BMI) and serious health outcomes and death in over 2.8 million adults representative of the United Kingdom population. And those with a BMI of 30 to 35 are five times more likely to get Type 2 Diabetes. Those individuals with obesity class I (30-35 kg/m2) are at 70% higher risk of developing heart failure.

It comes after a study of 2.8 million patients said people with the highest levels of obesity were running a high risk of a range of serious illnesses and premature death. The most common of those conditions were high blood pressure (22.8%), asthma (13.1%), osteoarthritis (10.2%), dyslipidaemia - abnormal levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood - (9.7%) and type 2 diabetes (5.2%).

The BMI study findings came after researchers trawled health records, including BMI data, contained in the database UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink from January 2000 to July 2018.

This BMI was also linked to a 50% higher risk of dying prematurely from any cause compared to people of a normal weight.

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Author Christiane Haase, from Novo Nordisk in Denmark, which funded the study, said: "The health risks linked with having excess body weight are particularly high for Type 2 diabetes and sleep apnoea".

"With the number of people living with obesity nearly tripling worldwide over the past 30 years (105 million people in 1975 to 650 million in 2016), our findings have serious implications for public health", said author Christiane Lundegaard Haase from Novo Nordisk.

Study co-leader Dr. Praveetha Patalay from the University College London points out that children in socioeconomically deprived areas have less access to healthy food and green spaces, which could affect both obesity and emotional problems.

While these findings are undoubtedly concerning, it should be noted how overweight people who are at risk of type 2 diabetes can reduce this risk.

Importantly, the risk of developing serious health problems was highly dependent on whether or not individuals had comorbidities at the start of the study.

Obese people who commute by vehicle have a 32 per cent higher risk of death due to any cause contrast to people who have normal weight and engage in active commuting, research claimed.

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