India must step up efforts to tackle climate change

India must step up efforts to tackle climate change

The IPCC report spans some 1,300 pages and comes under the lengthy title, Climate Change and Land, an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems.

In a report on land use released Thursday, the panel said that in certain regions, climate change will force farmers to change from what they're now growing due to factors such as increased heat, flooding, snow and moisture in the air, CNN reported.

Combined, the two make food more expensive, scarcer and less nutritious, the report examining global warming found.

Prepared by 107 scientists for the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) the Climate Change and Land report said switching to a plant-based could help lower emissions. The report will pay significant attention to the impact of our current farming processes on the levels of carbon dioxide emissions being released into the air as a further effort to inspire action towards the increase in sustainable farming practices.

Globally, more than 70% of the land surface is used to satisfy people's needs.

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However, the report is not all bad news and finds that if more of the world's population shifts toward plant-based diets and reduces their meat consumption, it could significantly boost the planet's ability to fight climate change. It also flagged vulnerability of people in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan region, encompassing parts of Pakistan, India, Nepal and China to food insecurity due to climate change. Amid recent reports that more than 820 million people are undernourished around the world, Co-chair of another Working Group, Jim Skea, highlighted the fact that up to 30 per cent of food is lost or wasted. Though it hasn't come out with country-specific data, the IPCC scientists referred to various regional scientific studies which spoke about impact of climate change on food security in the form of less yield and price rise.

Spanning some 1,300 pages, a report released Thursday by a United Nations body on climate change provides an array of options for reducing the rate of climate warming.

Last year, the same body issued the alarming finding that we have roughly a dozen years left before the world misses its window for averting runaway global warming.

"We also need social security systems for these farmers". They are critical for helping the global community mitigate and adapt to climate change in the short term, using soil and vegetations through methods that do not harm the Earth. Science can help politicians develop informed policies that will support ordinary people to prepare, act and create more positive pathways to the future.

It spelled out the need for drastic greenhouse gas emissions cuts achieved partly by a near-immediate fall in fossil fuel consumption. The solution to climate change must not be seen as a one size fits all. Any scenario to limit global warming to less than 2°C by 2100 "requires land-related mitigation and land-use change", authors estimate.

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